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  • Writer's pictureSarah Ruivivar

EU AI Act: New Governance Unveiled

📸 ModelProp / Midjourney

The European Union is gearing up for a transformative summer with the introduction of the AI Act and the establishment of the AI Office.


This new body, set to launch on June 16, is designed to regulate and foster AI innovation within the bloc, while also aiming to influence global AI governance.


The AI Office will play a crucial role in shaping the European AI ecosystem over the coming years. It will help regulate AI risks and foster innovation, reflecting the EU's ambitions in the AI field. The office will consist of five units, each with a specific focus to ensure a comprehensive approach to AI governance.


One unit will focus on regulation and compliance, working closely with EU Member States to ensure the harmonised application of the AI Act. This unit will also handle investigations and administer sanctions for non-compliance, playing a supportive role to national governance bodies.


Another unit will be dedicated to AI safety, focusing on identifying and mitigating systemic risks associated with general-purpose AI models like ChatGPT. This unit will evaluate and test these technologies to ensure they meet the required safety standards.


 

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The Excellence in AI and Robotics unit will support AI research and development, coordinating with initiatives like GenAI4EU to boost the development and uptake of generative AI models. This includes upgrading Europe's supercomputing capabilities to support model training.


The AI for Social Good unit will oversee international engagement projects where AI can have a positive societal impact. This includes areas like healthcare, environmental modelling, and digital twins for artistic reconstruction.


Lastly, the AI Innovation and Policy Coordination unit will monitor AI trends, stimulate investment, and support the creation of AI Factories and regulatory sandboxes. This unit aims to foster an innovative ecosystem by encouraging real-world testing and the uptake of AI technologies.


The AI Office will eventually employ over 140 experts, including technical staff, lawyers, and economists. As the AI Act takes a phased approach to implementation, the Office will also draft Codes of Practice to guide AI developers during the transition.


With the AI Office's structure and leadership mostly in place, the EU is poised to lead in AI governance, balancing regulation with innovation to build a trustworthy and dynamic AI ecosystem. Stay tuned as the AI Office prepares to roll out its guidelines and codes of practice, shaping the future of AI in Europe and beyond.



 

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